Corneal transplant is the world’s most leading organ transplant surgery performed worldwide now days.
The cornea is the most anterior transparent part in our eye which might become opaque in certain diseases or after strong trauma.
It is a part of the eyes optical system which enables the light to focus on the central part of the retina in order to see a clear image.
Any problem with the cornea will affect the way light is entering the eye causing blurring of vision.
In certain cases the only way to improve vision is to replace the damaged cornea with healthy cornea taken from a donor through an eye bank.
This operation is called Cornel grafting or in more scientific terms P.K.P (Penetrating Keratoplasty) if all corneal tissue is replaced or D.L.K. (Deep Lamellar Keratoplasty if the anterior part of the cornea is only replaced.
Corneal grafting is one of the safest organ transplantation surgeries due to its high success rate and low risk of rejection.
After surgery, recovery is smooth allowing most patients to return to their regular daily activities in a week or two, keeping in mind taught exercises should be avoided in the first three months.
Visual rehabilitation varies from case to another, with most patients improving more than 50% in the first three to six months.